Shaping regular migration to prevent irregular migration and strengthening the developmental effects of migration pose major challenges for many countries. Key actors in countries of origin have not yet succeeded in adequately harnessing the positive effects of regular migration and diaspora engagement for the social and economic development of their countries.
The global project “Program Migration & Diaspora” (PMD) provides – based on the international commitments of the federal government (Agenda 2030 Goal 10.7. / implementation of the Global Pact for Secure, Orderly and Regular Migration, GCM) – a comprehensive contribution to the priorities of migration policy and the departmental approach of federal government. Thereby, the BMZ aims to support and strengthen the potential of migration for global development. The objective of the PMD is to identify key actors and enable partner countries to use regular migration and diaspora involvement more effectively to achieve their development goals (PMD module goal).
The PMD aims to contribute to:
- Reduction of irregular migration, promotion of voluntary return and expansion of regular, development-oriented migration;
- Structure-building migration policy advice and capacity building for partner governments and regional organizations for effective migration management;
- Development policy contribution to the skilled worker immigration law and national Action Plan Integration;
- Implementation of the “Marshall Plan with Africa”, above all creation of prospects for staying in Africa through Promotion of business start-ups in the diaspora in the countries of origin;
- Reduction of transaction costs and development-promoting use of remittances;
- Involvement of the diaspora as a development policy Actor.
With its structure-building approaches, the project flanks the “Perspective at home” and thus represents a sustainable overall approach to migration policy of the Federal Government of Germany.